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Common Grammar Mistakes

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    • #4878
      Saket Kumar SinghSaket Kumar Singh

      Write your main takeaways from the class “Common Grammar Mistakes.” Don’t refer to or get influenced by what and how others have written. Rather, recall the concepts discussed in the class and write them in your words. Focus on key concepts or things you learned and how you will implement the same to transform your writing style.


      Don’t use bullet points. Write in paragraph form. Your content should have at least 150 words.


      All the best!

    • #4940
      Anju BahlAnju Bahl

      Key Takeaways From Class Held On 24th August 2019

      Common Grammar Errors

      The content should be original.Certain rules should be followed to make the content better.
      Avoid Wordy sentences.Quality of sentences should be retained.No complicated terminology should be used.Write core concept.Shorten it,make it crisper,don’t use empty words.Good writing is dense and concise.Don’t kill the richness and expressiveness just to shorten the sentence.To make the sentence impactful,certain phrases and constructions should be avoided.Examples—due to,in spite of,for the purpose of,in the near future,in my personal opinion.Use active voice.The context should be meaningful and qualitative.
      Avoid Awkward Sentences.Read out aloud.Develop an ear for hearing.More methodical way to fix awkward sentences is by identifying subject and verb.Then choose the noun.Ask questions about the core subject,the action verbs.Try to choose a strong action verb and not a ‘be’verb.Action verbs give trigger,make you feel and give impulse.
      Avoid Intensifiers and Qualifiers in awkward sentences.Intensifiers add weight to a sentence or intensify it.Examples—really,very,so.Qualifiers indicate the limits of your claim.Examples–probably,occasionally,might,in some cases,for the most part,somewhat.
      Verb Power
      We should avoid ‘to be’ verbs such as-is,are,was,am.being and been.These verbs only act like an equals sign,linking one part of the sentence to the next.Choose to convey action and detail rather than the state of being.
      Avoid Passive Voice Constructions.It is a backward sentence that focuses on the recipient too much rather than on the doer of the action.Determine what the real subject is and what it is doing,then reword accordingly.
      Avoid unnecessary Helping Verbs like be,have.
      Hidden Verbs—-Nominalisation
      These verbs stay hidden in sentences because they are converted into nouns.For incorporating hidden verbs,writers need additional verbs to impart sense to their sentence.
      Capitalization—Where to use?
      Capital letters are to be used—in case of first letter,direct quotations or dialogues,major words in titles,cities,countries,languages,nationalism,companies and national parties,racial,social and ethnic groups,academic subjects,proper nouns,particular periods,eras,historical events with proper names,days,months,holidays,locations(in case of particular locations.
      Exceptions–names of seasons like winter,summer etc.,centuries and numbers before them.
      Where not to use?
      The first word after a colon except when a proper noun follows a colon.
      Parallel Structures or Parallelism
      To maintain clarity,words or phrases in a list should be in a similar or parallel form.This problem often occurs in case of Resumes and reflects poorly on the applicant.
      A modifier is a clause, phrase or word that describes another word,phrase or clause.Many times writers use modifiers incorrectly,leading to strange and unintentionally funny sentences.There are two types of modifiers—Misplaced and Dangling.It becomes very difficult for the reader to read smoothly.Misplaced modifier is placed too far from the word it modifies making the sentence awkward and confusing. Dangling modifier is a word,phrase or a clause that describes something that has been out of the sentence.When there is nothing that a word,a phrase or a clause can modify the modifier is said to dangle.

    • #4978
      Hemika HemikaHemika Hemika

      keys take away from class 8 September 2019 on the topic of common grammar errors.
      To make a content original and meaningful we should follow certain rules.

      Avoid wordy sentences, cutdown unnecessary words,there should not more than 18 words in a sentence. While reducing words be careful about not cutting down any expressiveness of the content. Be sure about the quality of words, not the quantity. To become an enriched writer remove unwanted words.

      Focus on verbs as verbs are engine of sentences. To be verbs – are, is, was, were , am, being do not convey any action. We can use better verbs other than these to be verbs. Avoid unnecessary helping verbs, find and Remove hidden helping verbs.

      Use more Active Voice as it make the sentence shorter, crisp and impactful. capitalization is a must as it makes content professionally appealing. The parallel structure of a sentence is important as it gives readability to the content. In parallel we do nothing but make consistency in the verb forms, voice and tense.
      Then we come to modifiers which means some words in a sentence can be modified with other words. There are two types of modifier first Misplaced modifiers where the words are placed too far from the words its modifies. Another is dangling modifier in which any clause, phrase, or word has been left out of the sentence.
      We had also learnt the use of Hemmingway app and Grammarly to make our content more meaningful and impactful.
      We had also done numerous exercise to learn these rules of common grammar mistake and not to repeat it in our content.

      All in all the class taught us the basic grammar things which are very common but we avoid it or do mistakes in.

    • #5013
      manoj guptamanoj gupta

      Key takeaways from the lecture 2

      The class stared with the introduction of the students as it happened in the first class. The new instructor introduced herself as Malika and said that she will be teaching half our classes. The lecture started on common grammatical mistakes we make while writing the content.
      The first topic we learnt was about avoiding the use of wordy sentences. The wordy sentences can be defined as over and unnecessary use of words which do not have the property of contributing to the expression and meaning of the sentence. These types of wordy sentences make the meaning monotonous and tiring. Redundant words, Liking phrases and use of qualifiers should be avoided.

      Second came the awkward sentences which makes the content boring and tedious. These are confusing and awkward sentences which do not imply any concrete meaning to the readers. To fix the problem of awkward sentences we should read the sentence aloud, identify subject and verb, use action verb. There are use of intensifiers in the awkward sentences which weaken the idea of writing well.

      Verb power turned up as another term. it can bring major shift in our writing . Here we learnt that we should abstain from using ‘to be’ verbs. It is action verb which generates value in the sentence and makes the sentence interesting. We have to convey the details using action verbs as simply indicating a state of being makes the sentence uninteresting. The use of passive verbs should be avoided. our focus should be mainly on using active voice. unnecessary use of helping verbs should be cut down. Using simple tense instead of perfect tense makes our content meaningful and to the point . Avoid unnecessary hidden verbs-nominalization as it makes the sentences unnecessary longer.

      Capitalization is another thing which we should take care of. The things which should be capitalized are first letter of the sentence, direct question, titles, the name of cities, countries, language etc.
      The fifth thing we learned maintaining parallel structure. All the parts of the sentence should be in the same form as the first one. Uniformity between the voice, structure, tense should be maintained.

      The sixth topic we went through was about use of unnecessary modifiers. The modifiers may be in the forms of clause, phrase or word that qualify another word. There are two types of modifiers. The first is dangling modifier and the second one misplaced modifier. Misplaced modifier is placed too far from the word it modifies. The dangling modifier is word, phrase or clause that describes something which has been left out of the sentence.

    • #5016
      Sambit RaySambit Ray

      The second class of ECT BATCH-24 was taken by Mallika on 8th Sept.2019.The topic of the class was- Common Grammar Errors. Mentioned below are the key takeaways from that class: First, we learnt about ‘Wordy Sentences’and its definition. We were also taught about the ‘ Linking Phrases’ and the Redundent sentences. Mallika advised us to cut down on Linking Phrases and avoid Redundent sentences, as and when it is possible. Next, we learnt about the Akward sentences and how to fix them. We were also told about the intensifiers in Akward sentences. We need to remove the intensifiers in any sentence, which can weaken our writing.
      After that, we got to know about the Qualifiers. Our trainer briefed us that Qualifiers are often appropriate and necessary, but too many of them makes the writing sound wishy-washy. So, we must remove the Qualifiers as well in any sentence, if not needed. Next, we learnt about verbs. We must avoid the ‘ to be’ verbs and the passive voice constructions in any sentence. Also, the unnecessary helping verbs and hidden verbs needs to be avoided. Next topic in our discussion was of- Capitalization, ie- use of capital letters in a sentence. We learnt that while addressing mom, dad, grandpa as proper nouns, we have to use capital letters. Also, saw cases when not to capitalize like in the case of all diseases, seasons/centuries, first word after a colon etc.
      Next, we got to know about the parallel sentence structure and the importance of it in any composition. In the last section of the class, the discussion shifted towards-Modifiers and its types. We learnt that there are two types of Modifiers, namely- Misplaced Modifier and Dangling Modifier.
      All in all, it was a good learning for me, and I learnt quite a few new things related to grammar in the very second class of content marketing at ECT!

    • #5020

      Our second class was about common grammatical errors. These are the key takeaways of the class.

      This class was taken by Mallika Ma’am on 8th of September. We were told about the grammatical errors commonly done by most of the writers. We were also informed about few things while writing a content.

      Firstly we learnt about Wordy Sentences. Wordy sentences are those which contain empty words.It does not mean that a sentence containing many words are bad but the stress was on the avoidance of unnecessary words. Here quality of the words are usually emphasized and not the quantity.Good writing should be dense, crisp, concise and to the point. In fiction writing wordy sentences are still allowed but it is avoidable in business writing and while writing blogs.

      Next we learnt about Linking phrases. Although Linking Phrases are used to bring good influence over your statement but it is avoidable where producing a clear and crisp content is the target.Redundant words too are avoided in a content. Use of introductory sentences with’ basically’,’generally’ or ‘virtually are also not advisable.
      Next we were informed about Akward Sentences. We learnt that a good writer needs to have a good ear. The sentence that does not sound well must be avoided. Ackward sentences can be avoided by making it clear,tactful or touchy and use of a verb.
      We next learnt in the class that intensifiers and qualifiers are to be avoided. A professional writer should avoid using words like really,very, so etc. Use of these words make the content very amateurish. Instead we can use the better synonyms or one word.

      Verb Power: In this section we learnt that “be”form of verbs are also to be avoided while writing a content. In place of them use of action verbs were emphasized. We were also told to use active voice in place of passive voice in a content as active voice sentences are more clear cut and easy to understand.

      Next we learnt in the class where to capitalize the words and where to avoid them. Capitalization of the first letter of the word is used in the beginning of a sentence, beginning of a proper noun, first word after colon if it is not in the start of a sentence. Capitalization is avoided in the name of seasons, centuries with number, certain diseases and first word of a sentence after colon.

      We were told that parallel structure is there where the sequence is not broken, where there is a unity in tense and where continuity is not broken. We also learnt in this class about the modifiers. Modifiers are mainly of two types namely Misplaced and Dangling.Misplaced modifiers are those which are wrongly placed and danglers modifiers are those where the sense is not complete.

      That was all about our second class.It was an interesting class and I picked up lot of tips about how to make minimal grammatical error while writing a content.

    • #5300
      Nikita AnandNikita Anand

      Three takeaways from the class held on 28th September

      Mr. Saket elaborated a few common grammar errors in the class. At times, prospective writers unconsciously tend to make such errors due to no or less knowledge. The three takeaways I found relevant and necessary in the writing are parallel structure, wordy sentence, and verb power. I have elaborated them below.

      Firstly, maintaining a parallel structure within the sentence is a bit confusing but captivating. Mr.Saket explained the two significance of parallel structure: It will bring consistency based on similar verb form or pattern among the lists of words or items mentioned. It will avoid wordiness.

      Secondly, at many places in the writing, the writers must avoid unnecessary words. This error tends to remove the richness of the detail when used often. He explained the words or phrases like in the near future, due to the fact, who once said and many others are the empty words. Such words only increase the length of the sentence in place of adding detail for readability.

      Thirdly, the power of a verb is everywhere. Humans express themselves in language and more importantly through the work they perform. Mr. Saket shared why it is important to make use of ‘strong verbs’ extensively over ‘be’ verbs. The ‘be’ verbs are the simple verbs like is, was, were, am, have, has and many others. Whereas, ‘strong verbs’ are like contribute/contributes, lead/leads to, investigate/investigates and many others. He further suggested the avoidance of passive voice in the sentence making. Finally, he explained the presence of hidden verbs in the sentence. Hidden verbs are powerful in converting the verb into a noun unnecessarily. Thus, one must avoid such usages also.

      To sum up, I can confidently say if I keep checking on the above errors, I can enhance my style of writing soon.

    • #5301
      shaloo ahujashaloo ahuja

      The second class started with the topic “Common Grammar Errors Saket spoke about wordy sentences.He told us that the wordy sentences may be grammatically correct but may contain empty words.He introduced us to the fact that we should be careful not to loose the essence of the writing while reducing the words.
      The next thing was ” Awkward sentences”.He advised us that if we we slow down while reading we might need to rewrite it.He also spoke about usage of intensifies and qualifiers in the sentences.
      The class progressed with the information about “verb power”.The verbs being the engine of the sentence and how we should make the sentence simple yet effective.
      Capitalization was the other topic of introduction.where and when to use capital letters.
      “Parallel Structure” was the most intersecting topic.Making things easier it was like letting us know that elements of sentences which function al I keep should be like, The topic was elaborately discussed in the class.
      Lastly we were told about the use of “Grammerly “app which helps us to see our mistakes and rectify them.All together the topic was captivating.

    • #5302
      Anil MehtaAnil Mehta

      Key takeaway from Class 2, Batch #26

      Purpose Statement: The purpose of writing this note is to recall the Common Grammar Errors I learnt today.
      Class 2 held on Sept 28, 2019, dealt with the common grammar errors we make in writing.

      1. Wordy sentences
      Use of unnecessary words increases word count, mars style, and dilutes focus. Good writing is dense and concise. Each word should add value to the sentence. Discussed examples of replacing unnecessary words with alternative meaningful words in the class.

      2. Awkward Sentences
      If you slow down or stumble while reading aloud, it is an indication of an awkward sentence. Reword the sentence to make it sound smooth, clear and direct. If it is difficult to correct, break the sentence in two or more sentences.
      Intensifiers are words that add “weight” to a sentence. Frequent use of intensifiers like “very, so much, or extremely” weaken a sentence or make it awkward. Similarly, misuse of qualifiers like “probably, sometime, or might”, make a sentence lose its definiteness.
      A methodical way to fix awkward sentence is to identify the core subject (noun) and ask what the subject is doing (verb). Use a strong verb that conveys
      action, instead of a “to be” verb.

      3. Misuse of Verb:
      Use powerful verbs instead of intensifiers with a weak verb. Avoid overuse of “to be” form of verb such as is, are, am, was, were, been, or being. Such verbs do not add value to the sentence.
      Avoid construction of sentences in passive voice. Sentences constructed in active voice give stronger message. Identify who is main doer and make it the subject.
      Look for unnecessary use of helping verbs like have, had, can, or could. Replace with lean, strong verbs for better effect. Avoid unnecessary hidden verbs. Hidden verbs are verbs that have been used as a noun. In order to give meaning to the sentence a verb has to be added in such a sentence. For example, “Authorities conducted an investigation into his financial dealings.” Is better written as “Authorities investigated his financial dealings.”

      4. Capitalization:
      Capitalize the first letter of sentence, direct quotation, major words in Titles, Proper nouns, and Academic Subjects. Names of particular periods, eras, and historical events also begin with capital letters.
      Do not begin with a capital alphabet after colon. However, there are two exceptions to this rule. A proper noun appearing after the colon begins with an alphabet in upper case. If the clause appearing after colon is complete in itself, it also begins with an alphabet in upper case.

      5. Parallel Structure:
      For better appreciation, words and phrases in a list should have the same pattern or form. This is termed “parallelism”. For example: “I like reading, walking, and meeting people.” The sentence “I like reading, walking and to meet people.” is not a parallel structure. Maintain parallelism in bullet point listing as well.
      A change in noun in the same list can make a sentence awkward because of loss of parallelism. Avoid this mistake by first making separate sentences for each item in the list. Then Combine the separate sentences into one, containing with the list.

      6. Modifiers:
      Modifier is a word, phrase or clause that clarifies another word, phrase or clause. Mistakes in modifiers can make it difficult for reader to read smoothly. There are unnecessary modifiers, Misplaced modifiers, and Dangling modifiers.
      Modifiers placed too far from the word it describes, can make the sentence awkward or confusing. Dangling Modifier is a word, phrase or clause that describes something that has been left out of the sentence. Correct dangling modifiers by adding the missing word or phrase to the sentence.

      We had an interactive session today. Everybody participated in class exercises for each item and enjoyed it.

    • #5305
      Manoj KumarManoj Kumar

      Key takeaway of Day -2 class dated 28th September 2019
      Class started a little late from the scheduled time. The teacher assigned to take the class, was unable because of some unavoidable circumstances. Mr. Saket Kumar Singh took the class in place of the assigned teacher.

      The class stated with the demand to recap the topics of previous class. He went to the topics of previous class one by one and insured that the student understood the topics well. After completion of the recap, he stated the Day-2 Class with the consent of the student.

      He narrated about the wordy sentences: What are the wordy and awkward sentences? What is the power of verb and how to use it? He narrated about the capitalization of word, parallel structure of sentences, use of modifier in the right place of sentence, and what are the dangling modifiers?
      The class ended with the feedback from the students.

    • #5306
      Bhalchandran RamaswamyBhalchandran Ramaswamy

      Thomas Carlyle said, “The greatest mistake is to imagine that we never err.” Grammar is one area where we commit mistakes. Yet we believe that we are correct.

      People often mistake the very spelling of the word “Grammar” itself. Grammar is a set of rules about the structure of language. Grammer is a proper noun that refers to a particular American community, or the name of a person.

      Without further ado, I will summarize my key take-away from Session 2. Session 2 dealt with Common Grammar Errors. In this session, Saket covered topics such as Wordy Sentences, Awkward Sentences, Verb Power, Capitalization, Parallel Structures, and Modifiers.

      Wordy sentences contain many unnecessary words. Often, we tend to add words which actually do not add any value to the sentence. The writer can represent the idea in a simple sentence. A simple sentence conveys the message without confusing the reader. However, one should not kill the essence of the sentence or statement to make the sentence simple.

      To identify an awkward sentence, one should read the content aloud. If you happen to fumble while reading, the content has some awkward sentence. Awkward sentences contain misplaced words. Such sentences sound incorrect and convey inappropriate meaning. One can identify awkward sentence if one does not find the reply to the following questions. What is the core subject? What is the subject doing?

      Intensifiers in an awkward sentence tend to add weight to the sentence. Over-usage of such intensifiers weaken the writing. , qualifiers limit the claim of the statement. Like intensifiers, qualifiers too make the writing feeble and pretentious.

      Verb is the most basic ingredient in the sentence. One should avoid usage of “to be” as this verb equates or links the different parts of the sentence. Further, one should avoid usage of passive voice. Writing in active voice gives the reader an evident subject and action. A sentence in passive voice can be confusing to the reader. Similarly, one should avoid using helping verbs and hidden verbs. Use the appropriate verbs to state the message.

      Saket explained the capitalization rules before explaining the parallel structure. One should maintain the flow of the sentence and keep it simple for the reader to understand. It is easier to form parallel structure if one identifies the common element. With the common element as the base of the sentence, one can form a simple sentence.

      Misplaced modifiers digress from the central idea of the sentence. Such modifiers make the sentence awkward and funny. Dangling modifier is a word, a phrase or a clause left out. It affects the structure of the sentence.

      To summarize, one should be clear about what he wants to write. He/ She should choose words and sentences accordingly. The content should be crisp and precise. It should convey the same message what the writer wants to convey. It should not create confusion in the minds of the readers when the read the passage.

    • #5308
      shaloo ahujashaloo ahuja

      The topic for today’s class was copy writing. It is an act for writing for marketing or advertising purpose.Saket introduced us to the fact that copywriting is tactfully delivering words to compel a reader to take action.The main parts of it being developing your own style, publishing your content and advertising
      The Ad objective is divided into two parts visibilty/awareness andsales/lead generation.The main objective of advertising companies included the factors of reaching masses.brand recall, number of websites and engagement of the people.we were intimated with the fact that Ad copy should be objective, it should have a medium and mainly should target audience.An Ad should craft a message, it should be crisp, precise, compelling, informative and should call for action.
      To get the real experience we were asked to write an add for BMW premium selection.we had to write in 20 words limit to shape our ideas.To be truthful I was not even near about what the real ad was.Now I had the idea that we have to fly high into the sky. Ideas are to be generated with click with the masses which we are targeting.
      The session ended with the acquaintance with blog writing. Saket helped each of us to open our individual blog.In the whole class I loved Saket idea that we should get everything we right published before it vanishes into oblivion.

    • #5310
      Nida UsmaniNida Usmani

      The class has started with the topic of common grammar errors.

      I have learnt to avoid unnecessary elaboration of sentence. It means the sentence should not be wordy.

      How to fix wordy sentence was an important key take away . We have to find subject and verb, then eliminate empty words.

      I have also learnt about intensifier. If we use intensifier too often,it weakens the writing.

      I picked about capitalisation. A good writer must know,where to capitalise and where not.

      Parallel structure was another key takeaway ,as I have never heard about it. Parallel structure means your sentence should be in similar form.I also came to know about Thesaurus.com. This site help us to find synonyms.

      The essence of the session was to avoid grammar errors .We can avoid common errors through combination of practice and smart work.here,smart work means to use Hemingway,Grammarly and Thesaurus.

    • #5327
      Tarana HansTarana Hans

      Key Notes –

      We often make errors while writing. Majority of people who publish their content on the internet have faced this problem in their life at some point.

      Such errors are common grammatical errors.

      Mr. Saket taught the easiest way to get rid out of this. Here are some simple and useful tips.

      First of all, Avoid writing unnecessary words. Always write in simple and precise manner.

      We often face difficulty while writing a particular sentence due to awkward sentences. To overcome this choose to write in a smooth, clear and direct manner.

      Whenever you’ll write on any new project always ask yourself –
      What is core subject?
      What is this subject doing?
      Choose strong verbs that convey action.

      “A verb is an engine of the sentence”

      Last but not the least. The role of Capitalisation of the word is wide. While writing avoid capitalisation of word after a colon.

    • #5593
      Ishan WadhwaIshan Wadhwa

      In this lesson, we learnt about the five most common types of grammatical errors.

      Firstly, we studied wordy sentences. These are more a syntactical error than a grammatical one. The rule of thumb is, when you can use less words to express the same thing, why use more? The major things to avoid are – repetition, unneeded words, and usage of language that is more suited to thought processes. Obviously, this does not mean to remove the emotion and flavour of the content. We merely need to trim extraneous content and remove empty words. If we can control your words, it substantially increases our ability to communicate.

      The second topic was awkward sentences. These don’t have a grammatical error per se,
      confusing and awkward structure makes these sentences sound wrong to the ear. The awkwardness may be introduced due to the overuse of Qualifiers and/or Intensifiers. The non-technical fix involves reading written content aloud and fix the parts that sound wrong to the ear. The technical fix is to find all subjects and verbs, put all the subjects at the start and the other parts later.

      The third portion was Verb Power. To be verbs are just equal to signs for sentences, equating one part with another. If we have the option to create action, the sentence becomes more lively. To fix this problem, we should always make sure we know who is doing what in a sentence. We also need to avoid passive voice constructions and overuse of pronouns. Another issue is caused by nominalization of hidden verbs. Whenever possible, we need to use verbs instead of verb based nouns.

      In the fourth topic, we learnt the rules of when and when not to capitalize the first letter of a word. Aside from the standard cases, we also learnt some esoteric rules.

      The fifth topic was quite interesting. It involved parallel structure. It was quite reminiscent to list building in computer languages. Parallel structure increases comprehension by creating easily recognizable patterns. Basically, all elements of a list in a sentence need to be of a similar structure to avoid unnecessary confusion and awkwardness. As a part of this topic, we also learnt about modifiers. These are parts of a sentence that modify its meaning in some manner. A misplaced modifier is too far from the subject it describes, leading to confusion (and sometimes hilarity). A dangling modifier, on the other hand, describes something that is not explicitly stated.

      Finally, we learnt about creating our own WordPress blog in the practical section.

    • #5673
      Shaily RaiShaily Rai

      One of the basics of content writing is grammar. Since everyone was aware of nouns, verbs and adjectives, the class instead focused on the grammatical mistakes that should be avoided. The first one was avoiding wordy sentences. It basically meant removing unnecessary or repetitive words. Make it short and precise. Then came awkward sentences. Though they were grammatically correct, they didn’t sound right when said it out aloud. We should make sure that the sentence flows and sounds right. Intensifiers referred to those words in a sentence that added a lot of unnecessary emphasis. Then we learned about Verb power. Verb is the leading engine of a sentence. Although verbs like ‘to be, such as, am, being’ amongst others, should be avoided as they weaken the sentence. More importantly, we should try to write it in active voice rather than passive. Then we moved to Capitalization, mainly learning about when and when not to capitalize.

      The next topic was Parallel sentences. It basically taught us about the flow of a sentence. The phrases in a sentence should be in a similar form. While intensifiers involved forceful sentences, Modifiers were incomplete ones. There were times when a writers misplaced words in such a way that it unintentionally changed the meaning of a sentence. It was known as Misplaced modifiers. While Dangling modifiers often left the sentence incomplete without a subject. Both of these cases lead to confusion. These were some of the common mistakes that should be avoided. These concepts were further clarified through various examples.

      The class concluded with the introduction of WordPress- a website building tool. We learned about the free tools available in WordPress as well the paid domains. A sample website was created in order to make us understand the basic operations to create our own website.

    • #5726
      Tania DasTania Das

      The class held on 10th of November,2019,was on Common Grammar Mistakes.It took an extra level of understanding about the effecient use of grammar in our daily writing and highlighted on the common errors, that we often make.

      The whole chapter was categorised under six sections,namely: wordy sentences, awkward sentences, verb power, capitalization, parallel structure and modifiers.Each section was discussed in detail and exercises were practiced on each section accordingly, which was an aid in comprehending each concept.

      Section under ‘WORDY SENTENCES’ explains that any sentence which has too many unnecessary words makes it a wordy sentence.A sentence can be effectively written with less choiced words without altering the meaning of the sentence.It helps the reader to get the exact message from the writer without any impediment.Business writings must never be wordy or too lengthy to understand,where as in Descriptive writing,long sentences with detailing is often necessary.It is also mentioned that there are some phrases which can make a sentence wordy.Like due to,inspite of,for the purpose of, in the near future,in my personel opinion etc, can make a sentence unnecessarily long though not grammatically wrong.A few examples are mentioned below:
      a)Wordy sentence:The fact is, I keep on feeding all my spare scrapes of paper and stuff through it.
      Better sentence: I keep feeding on all my scrape papers
      b)Wordy sentence: I could type anything at all, and I imagine it would still be satisfying.
      Better sentence: I could type anything and still be satisfy.

      Section under’AWKWARD SENTENCES’, explains that sometimes a sentence just doesnot sound right because it has confusing and awkward strucure.This types of sentences makes the meaning complicated and remote the readers from acquiring the main message.For e.g:-
      Awkward sentence: Taking life a day at a time is how I think it should be done to be happy.
      Better sentence: Taking life one day at a time will make you happy.
      There are some Intensifiers and Qualifiers which really adds on to such grammatical errors.
      Intensifiers: It is really amazing how intensifiers make sentences very cumbersome.
      Qualifiers: Occassionaly torture might be necessary in some cases.

      Section under ‘VERB POWER’, explains that verb is the main engine of a sentence.It is advicable not to use ‘to be’ verbs such as is,are,were,was etc in sentences where its unnecessary.Again while selecting the voice of the sentence,its always advicable to use active voice rather than passive voice.Passive voice can be used but occassionaly and on selective grounds only,like in a diplomatic statement or emphatic statement.Helping verbs such as have been,had been,has been etc must be avoided if not necessary.There are some hidden verbs which are to be avoided.For e.g
      The team conducted and investigated of the case
      correct sentence: The team investigated the case.
      In such circumstances always use the verb and not the noun.

      Section under ‘CAPITALIZATION’, expalins the use and not use of capital letters in a sentence.There is a long list of the usage of capital letters in sentences, which is discussed in detail.

      Section under ‘PARALLEL STRUCTURE’, explains a few concepts, which brings clarity and sophistication in writing.These are words or phrases in same pattern..
      concept I: Elements joined by co-ordinating conjunctions.For e.g: I like running,thinking and swimming.
      Concept II: Use parallel structure with elements being compared.For e.g: To drive to mumbai can actually take less time than to fly there.
      Concept III: Use parallel structure with elements in list or in series. For e.g: She wants three things in her job: money,power and security.

      And in the last section of Common Grammar Errors, it explains about the ‘MODIFIERS’, which is categorically two in nature.Such as-
      a)Misplaced Modifiers
      b)Dangling Modifiers
      Example under misplaced modifiers:
      Incorrect: He wore a mining helmet on his head that was too small.
      Correct: He wore a mining helmet that was too small on his head.
      here it is actually about the helmet not his head,so the emphasis has to be given on the helmet.
      Example under dangling modifiers:
      Incorrect: To win the spelling bee. Tessa and Jonas should join our team.
      Correct: If we want to win the spelling bee this year.Tessa and Jonas should join our team.
      Here the second part of the sentence is an independent clause but the first sentence is a depentent clause which is meaningless without the subject.So in both the cases modifiers were used to modify the sentences with a meaningful outcome.
      All the rules on Common Grammar Error are arranged under each section precisely and were quite easy to comprehend.
      thank you.

    • #5730
      Radhika AgrawalRadhika Agrawal

      Key take away from class 2
      It was a Sunday morning though the hangover of Saturday night existed but the excitement of attending the classes effortlessly overruled it.
      Second class highlighted the most important and weakest part of my writing Grammar.Till the date I was acquainted only with the grammar thought during our school time but this class gave me idea about the practical grammar which existed while writing .
      There were few terms which were very new for me and practically seemed important like parallel structure , wordy sentence,hidden verb. The thing which caught my attraction was minimum or elimination of adjectives from phases . I am an adjective dope and lands up with usage of many adjectives than required. Now instead as addressed in class ,I have started learning and using verbs.
      Just like E- classes which amazed me in first class this time it was a an app used to check grammar mistakes which turned my attention. Secretly I thought all my problem and weakness will be solved with this app.It is known as ‘GRAMMARLY’ app It seemed to me as a magical aladdin lamp. I am eagrely waiting for its application.
      Self assessment in form of various exercises, discussion, small debates made the understanding clear. Lot more to learn just a baby step towards the passion.

    • #5737
      Ranjana SharmaRanjana Sharma

      However proficient one may be yet tend to commit certain mistakes. Such mistakes can be avoided through practice as well as using tools like Grammarly and thesaurus. This session was completely focussed at common grammatical errors. The session was taught under six different heads, namely: Wordy sen tences, Awkward sentences, Verb power, Capitalization, Parallel structure, Unnecessary modifiers.
      Wordy sentences
      Sometimes sentences contain many unnecessary words which do not add any information to it. Such sentences are called wordy sentences. They may be grammatically correct but they contain empty words which makes the reader do a lot of work to gain a little information. Thus a good writing should be dense and concise.
      Awkward sentences
      Sometimes writers use more intensifiers or qualifiers and create the structure of the sentence awkward and confusing. Intensifiers are the words that attempt to add weight or force to a sentence. If they are used more often then they reduce the readability of the content. Qualifiers indicate limits to our claim by the usage of the words like probably, possibly etc. It reduces the confidence of the readers as it lacks assurance. Awkward structure can be fixed by reading the sentence aloud and finding its rhythm (If rhythm stumbles it needs to be changed) or by cutting the sentence into two parts and identifying its subject and verb.
      Verb power
      Thirdly we learned how a proper verb gives more power to your writings. Thus we should avoid over using ‘to be’verbs like am,is,are, was, were, been, being. These verbs do not convey any action but act as an equal sign. We should use strong verbs instead. We should avoid unnecessary helping verbs. Unnecessary hidden verbs also make the content complicated and lengthy. Hidden verbs are verbs changed to nouns. They cannot be used without a verb. Thus unnecessary lengthen the content. Ex:They made a decision could be they decided. Sentences should be looked for its voice. A reader understands easily if the sentences are written in Active voice.
      Next we got to know the list of the items to be capitalized and not to be capitalized. First letter of a sentence and a quotation, proper nouns, historical eras and periods, religious groups, political parties, major initials to be capitalized. First letter after a colon should not be capitalized if it is not a proper noun or an independent clause.
      Parallel structure
      Then Parallelism is using words or phrases in the same pattern. It improves the readability and comprehensibility of the sentence. It adds both clout and clarity to the writing.
      Ex: I love to run, to play and to swim. – Parallel
      I love to run, to play and to do swimming. – not parallel
      We also use parallel structure with elements being compared and with elements in list or in a series.
      Lastly we learned modifiers. A modifier is a clause, phrase or word that describes or clarifies another word phrase or clause. When modifiers’ error occurs it is hard for readers to read smoothly. There are two types of modifiers which makes the sentence awkward and confusing.
      Misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers
      A misplaced modifier is a modifier that is placed too far from the word or words it modifies. Misplaced modifiers make the sentence awkward and confusing.
      Ex: My umbrella flew away by the air which was blue in colour. (Wrong)
      My umbrella which was blue in colour flew away by the air. (Correct)
      Dangling modifiers describe something that has been left out. And that needs to be added to make it complete. I found parallel structure and modifiers far more important though others are no less in any way.

    • #5740
      Priyanka mauryaPriyanka maurya

      Second day session “Common Grammar Errors” was taken by Mr. Saket Singh on 10 November 2019.
      Each topic was a keyword of session and helps a writer to build a good writing skill. We learned and practiced five types of error and two types of Modifiers. First Error was ‘Wordy Sentences’ which contains empty word and can be ignored by less use of grammar like adverbs and adjectives. Adopting active voice, creating a short sentence without losing a grace or detail of sentence is preferred.
      Second type was ‘Awkward Sentences’. When we read out loud sentence and that don’t sounds good to ear because of bad structure are consider as an Awkward Sentences. In that case, we need to understand the purpose of sentence and reconstruct it properly.
      Third type was ‘Verb Power’. Avoiding passive voices, that contain unnecessary helping verbs and ‘to be’ verbs. Using new Action Verbs will lift and decorate our sentence. We were instructed to learn new verb in a day and use in daily writing.
      Fourth type was ‘Capitalization’. Where to use capital words? First letter, Direct Quotation or Dialogue, Major Words in Title, Cities, Countries, Language, Companies, Political Parties, Location, Academic subject, Period, Historic event in Capital letter. Also capitalize the word after colon as long as sentence before and after of colon is a separate clause. Through capitalization we highlight the word.
      Fifth type was ‘Parallel structure’ or Parallelism. When we describe more than two activities with help of coma, we end-up changing verb and subject in sentence. An effective way to avoid this mistake is, place each activity separately before making sentence and check whether that sounds good or not. words and phrases should in similar form.
      After discussing Error we moved to Modifiers. A modifier is phrase, clause or word that clarifies another phrase, clause or word. There are two types of modifiers. Misplaced and Dangling modifiers. Misplaced modifier is a modifier that is placed far from word and it modifies. Like ‘they bought puppy for my sister they call snowy’, that sentence left you confused about, who was called snowy?
      A Dangling modifier uses when there is nothing that a phrase, word and clause can modify. Like; while walking to home, trees was looking scary. Who was walking? Tree or walker.

    • #5741
      Priyanka mauryaPriyanka maurya

      Second day session “Common Grammar Errors” was taken by Mr. Saket Singh on 10 November 2019.
      Each topic was a keyword of session and helps a writer to build a good writing skill. We learned and practiced five types of error and two types of Modifiers. First Error was ‘Wordy Sentences’ which contains empty word and can be ignored by less use of grammar like adverbs and adjectives. Adopting active voice, creating a short sentence without losing a grace or detail of sentence is preferred.
      Second type was ‘Awkward Sentences’. When we read out loud sentence and that don’t sounds good to ear because of bad structure are consider as an Awkward Sentences. In that case, we need to understand the purpose of sentence and reconstruct it properly.
      Third type was ‘Verb Power’. Avoiding passive voices, that contain unnecessary helping verbs and ‘to be’ verbs. Using new Action Verbs will lift and decorate our sentence. We were instructed to learn new verb in a day and use in daily writing.
      Fourth type was ‘Capitalization’. Where to use capital words? First letter, Direct Quotation or Dialogue, Major Words in Title, Cities, Countries, Language, Companies, Political Parties, Location, Academic subject, Period, Historic event in Capital letter. Also capitalize the word after colon as long as sentence before and after of colon is a separate clause. Through capitalization we highlight the word.
      Fifth type was ‘Parallel structure’ or Parallelism. When we describe more than two activities with help of coma, we end-up changing verb and subject in sentence. An effective way to avoid this mistake is, place each activity separately before making sentence and check whether that sounds good or not. words and phrases should in similar form.
      After discussing Error we moved to Modifiers. A modifier is phrase, clause or word that clarifies another phrase, clause or word. There are two types of modifiers. Misplaced and Dangling modifiers. Misplaced modifier is a modifier that is placed far from word and it modifies. Like ‘they bought puppy for my sister they call snowy’, that sentence left you confused about, who was called snowy?
      A Dangling modifier uses when there is nothing that a phrase, word and clause can modify. Like; while walking to home, trees was looking scary. Who was walking? Tree or walker.

    • #5766
      Amit MauryaAmit Maurya

      Common Grammar errors
      Day 2 at ECT. Started with wordy sentences that are may be grammatically correct but contains unnecessary words. Then we learned awkward sentences. While reading/listening, some sentences does not fit/feel right which makes them awkward. We learned to correct both types of sentences by doing exercises.
      Then we learned about the power of verb. Using verb is the most effective method for correcting both type of sentences. Learning new verb everyday can improve our writing constantly. We also learned about how use of active voice can make writing more effective.
      Then we learned about capitalization of words and parallel structure of sentences in a paragraph. Then we learned use of modifiers. Misplaced modifier can make sentence awkward or even funny. We learned to correct them by placing subject and object at right places.
      For learning new verb or synonyms of words or pronunciation of words Saket sir recommended thesaurus website.
      It was a fun day at ECT.

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