September 3, 2019 at 1:02 pm #4886Saket Kumar SinghKeymaster@saket
Write your main takeaways from the class “Academic Writing.” Don’t refer to or get influenced by what and how others have written. Rather, recall the concepts discussed in the class and write them in your words. Focus on key concepts or things you learned and how you will implement the same to transform your writing style.
Don’t use bullet points. Write in paragraph form. Your content should have at least 150 words.
All the best!
September 4, 2019 at 9:14 pm #4943Anju BahlParticipant@anju
Key Takeaways From Class Dated 1st September 2019
We use Academic Writing for various purposes,which are namely,University Assignments,Research Papers,Academic Essays,Review Articles and Thesis.
How Academic Writing Is Different?
It is written in third person and neutral tone.No emotional language,no informal vocabulary.Passive voice is widely used.Long sentences,long paragraphs are acceptable.It is written to gain acceptance from the professors.Structure is predefined.It follows a particular tone–descriptive,analytical,persuasive and critical.
Dos And Don’ts
Strictly adhere to the guidelines.Use a formal,objective and technical language.Word limit should not exceed +,-,10%(Title Page,TOC,Executive Summary/Abstract,Tables,References & Appendices don’t become part of the word count).Referencing Styles must be adopted as per the guidelines(References as well as In Text Citations).Include TOC,Executive Summary,Title Page,etc.for long form academic content.Support your claim,data,and statistics with appropriate references.Never use terms like I,we,you etc.
Academic Writing Guidelines
There are various tones used while following these guidelines.First comes the Abstract and then comes Introduction.Descriptive tone is used in Introduction.Then,a Literary Review is written which has a Critical tone followed by Methodology which is Descriptive.Result and Discussion are Authentic followed by the Conclusion that is Persuasive in nature.
In the above guidelines,D is descriptive,C is critical,A is authentic,and P is persuasive.These are the tones.Abstract is in past tense,brief and informative.Abstract is a brief summary.Introduction is explanatory and descriptive.It should be Funnel shaped,broader at the top and narrowing down.Literature Review is critical,detailed,and authentic.Methodology is analytical,methodological approach adopted and the research instruments used.Primary or Secondary ways of research are adopted.Result is concise and non-textual.Discussion includes reasoning-why you got whatever you got.Conclusion is concise,clear summary and matches the objectives.
Types Of Academic Writing
Academic Writing is of many types which are–Dissertation,Research Paper,Report Writing,Essays,Case Study,Assignment and Literature Review respectively.
Academic success depends on Research And Publication.
Mentioning and citing other researches and publishing.
Types Of References
There are mainly two types of referring styles.These are namely,Documentary Note Styles(Oxford,MHRA) and Parenthetical Styles(APA,Harward,IEEE)
Understand the project problem thoroughly and use neutral tone.Maintain the word count and include In Text Citations.Add minimum ten references and stick to the referencing style.Always follow the specified structure and format.Do not include redundant information.
September 6, 2019 at 12:57 pm #4959Ankita SinghParticipant@ankitasingh-11
Take Aways from Academic Writing Class:
Academic writing is anything to do with School, colleges, universities that includes Research Articles, thesis, dissertation, essay, case study. It is for information purpose and should be written in neutral tone. I, you, we shouldn’t be used and written as third person.It is to gain acceptance from the Professors. It should be formal, objective and technical. Passive voice is widely used and it should have pre defined structure.It follows a Particular tone such as descriptive, Analytical, Persuasive and Critical. Though Abstract comes first but it should be written in last as it is the summary of content and should be of 1 page.
In academic writing guidelines should be followed and word limits should not exceed( +/- 5%). Authenticity is very important and Keywords should be included in SEO. Avoid mentioning Wikipedia as reference.Always Reference should be quoted.
Recent data should be used and we can used data of past 3 years. Adhere to client’s guidelines and ask them if we have any doubt. All the content should be divided in percentage accordingly such as introduction should be of 10%, Literature Review 25% and so on. Mode of research should be mentioned. Analyse the data and find the pattern. Based on pattern give answers accordingly. Implications are optional and it should be included if mentioned in guidelines. APA reference should be used as in text citation as default. Go through the checklist at the end.
October 18, 2019 at 12:41 am #5571Anil MehtaParticipant@anilmehta
The key takeaway from Class 5 & 6, Batch #26
Key Takeaways from Class 5 &6 held on October 12, & 13, 2019.
The primary purpose of Academic writing is to score grades or win recognition in the academic field. This opens opportunities for the outsourcing of academic writing. The rules for academic writing, therefore, are more rigid and generally quite opposite to rules of business writing. Academic writing is meant to transmit knowledge from an expert to a learner. We use Academic writing style for University Assignments, Research papers, Academic Essays, Review Articles, and Thesis writing.
Academic writing is strictly format based. Each type of academic writing has a different and well-defined format. It is written in 3rd person and neutral tone. Words like I, we, you etc are never used. Informal vocabulary and emotional language are not used. Passive voice is widely used. Long sentences and long paragraphs are acceptable. Referencing is very important in academic writing. Table of Contents becomes a must for the content of more than 10 pages. Up to 7% plagiarism is allowed in academic writing.
Academic writing content broadly consists of Abstract, Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion.
The abstract is a brief summary of the paper indicating the purpose of writing it. It includes results and conclusions as well. It should be written after all other sections have been written. It should not exceed 250 words. In-text citations are not included.
An introduction gives the background of the research topic. It is Written in funnel form – gradually moving down from general to specific sub-topics. In-text citations are added when quoting previous research.
Literature Review is a discussion of previous information available in that particular subject area. It can constitute up to 25% of the total written matter.
The methodology outlines the process adopted to carry out the research. The analytical tools and instruments used are clearly mentioned.
Results constitute acceptance, rejection of an existing hypothesis, or formulating a new hypothesis. Raw and unnecessary data is not included.
The discussion section explains the results and describes their significance. It talks about the implications of the results in other subjects of research and the gap it fills in the existing literature. It also explains how the present study improves understanding of the readers in the subject area.
The conclusion creates an everlasting impression of the research paper. It highlights the findings of the paper and introduces the future scope of research.
Types of Academic Writing
Dissertation, Research Paper, Report Writing, Essay, Case Study, Assignments, and Literature Review are some of the types of Academic writing. Of these, Dissertation, Research Paper and Literature Review are the main types of academic writing.
A dissertation is a research project based on original research. The length of a dissertation is a minimum of 10,000 words. The format of a Dissertation was discussed.
Research Paper is based on a systematic study and analysis of a problem. The main aim of a research paper is to define a particular issue, provide a critical analysis, give solutions or new insights. It can be used as a journal or conference paper.
Report Writing is done to summarize the given set of information. The report writer’s job is to derive and present the available information into actionable form. A well-written report is easy to comprehend.
In an Academic Essay, Bullet points and sub-headings are generally not used.
A case study in academic writing is different from that in business writing. A case study in academic writing is a report on a question asked about a case study under consideration. It is an in-depth investigation of a problem in a real-life context. No outside references are given.
Literature Review involves search, study and critical review of existing literature in the subject area. It results in the synthesis and presentation of the published information in an organized form. It also brings out the gaps in existing theories. It can have subtitles but no bullet points. For every 100 words, at least one reference citation is a must in an academic literature review.
References in Academic writing. Citing references for already published literature or research work is an important part of academic writing. Different types of referencing norms, such as Documentary Note styles (Oxford, MHRA), Parenthetical Styles (APA, Harvard, MLA), and Numbered Styles (Vancouver, IEEE) were introduced and examples discussed in the class. http://www.citethisforme and Harvard Referencing Generator enable automatic referencing in a specific style. Bibliography mentions 1-2 sentences about each reference cited, below it.
November 19, 2019 at 1:20 pm #5879rashi tayalParticipant@rashitayal
December 11, 2019 at 5:25 pm #6058nilja patelParticipant@npatel
Academic writing is different from Technical writing but in fact, it is a part of Technical writing. Most of the textbooks, journals, etc are written in Technical writing though they are a part of academic writing because it’s all involve technical expertise. Thus, Academic writing is different from other writing. Also, university assignments, research papers or journals can be published and sell as a business.
On the internet, you may find some sights where you have to clear the test for grammar and you will get work. We got knowledge about linked insight and are told to make a profile in it also.
The idea about the differences in Academic writing, Do’s and Don’t in the writing, all the guidelines we have learned as a takeaway. Report writing, Essay writing, Cover letters, Case study, Elements of resume and SOP have told.
December 31, 2019 at 12:20 pm #6249rashi tayalParticipant@rashitayal
For academic writing the most important part is blueprint.
1. Abstract – first thing come before academic writing . It is nothing but summary of the whole content. The thumb rule says that abstract always attempt in last. Abstract is the last thing to do . If you change paper abstract also change. Do not exceed 250- 300 words. ( one page )
It is summarising your whole work.
2. Introduction – research with the background of the topic. It is funnel based – open and broader at the topic. You should always start with the general content .
3. Literature review – Literature review always be critical. It should be detailed and authentic. You should always criticising the current work. Don’t confuse literature review with English literature . Review the work.
Literature is nothing but all the work has been done regarding the topic. Present in a structured form. Don’t pick references more than 3 years and makes it non- relevant. Use information as new as possible . Detailed and elaborate . 25 % of the whole content. Intext citation. Maximum reference we use in literature review . The thumb rule says in every 100 words we use one reference .
4. Methodology – It is Analytical . It is nothing but the method with you did the research. Sampling is nothing but the size of the data and why ? Where you have done that research.?
How you are collecting and analysing the data?
We use secondary resource.
Methodology is something how the research has been done?
5. Result – Length of this section depend on the amount of the data . Raw data should not be included.
6. Discussion – It is the meaning of the results. In this section we talk about what you got and why do you get it ? Discussion is the general way of telling reasoning behind the the result of the findings.
7. Conclusion – Persuasive
It is inverted funnel. Whatever you find in your work have general sense .
Summarise the paper
It should be concise .
Types of academic writing
Dissertation – Research project that is based on original research. ( minimum 10,000 words)
Thesis – 50,000 words
Research paper – had the lowest word count.
Literature review and discussion is the largest part of the literature review .
Then we talk different type of writing
? Report writing –
? Case Study
February 8, 2020 at 2:28 pm #6554Ravish RawatParticipant@ravish89
My Takeaway (Saturday, February 8, 2020 from 9:35 am till 12:35 pm)
My takeaway is purely based on the notes that I took in the class.
Government declares guidelines for academic writing. Academic writing is written in syllabus neutral in beliefs. It’s very neutral in nature. No religious or ideological beliefs are imparted. It’s purely fact-based. We can write in our own style but we do not write our beliefs. Wikipedia is not allowed in academic writing. Objective, fact-based, and neutral is what academic writing is all about. This class deals with writing academic assignments. Academic writing is done for a lot of pleasing. For example writing an assignment for a professor. There is no emotional or informal language. Structure is predefined because you want to give directions to students. Do not use words that display strong emotions like fantastic, excellent, brilliant etc. When you are writing more than 10 pages, then you have to include Table of Contents. Never use terms which are in first person or second person. You have to maintain a neutral tone when writing academic content. In the West, there’s a very stringent norm regarding copy-writing.
Prepositions and sentence particles are not plagiarized words. Remove three consecutive words. Common knowledge is not considered plagiarism. There are. two types of plagiarisms—Words and Sentence Structure Plagiarism. But when you take an idea from somewhere and also give a source, then it is not considered plagiarism. Even in academic writing, you have to give references. In academic writing, it’s always better to give references. You can never write academic writing on your own. You have to do your own research in academic writing. If you have hypothesis in your mind, you prove that only through citations. The more you cite, the more your teachers will think that you’ve done a lot of research. In academic writing, you don’t have to write your own opinion at all, rather, you write based on someone else’s research. It’s very simple. You can become an expert in it in two months only. Since you have used verbatim (as it is) and even given citation, it is still plagiarised. In academic style again, if you are taking verbatim, you still have to paraphrase. If a sentence is in quotation, it means that it is taken from elsewhere. But if have taken verbatim, used quotation marks and then given citations, then it is not plagiarized. Only 5–10% of the content can be quoted. Each referencing style has its own rules like APA has its own rules and Harvard has its own rules etc. APA has its own standard-followed procedure. You also have to follow margins, indentation, and line spacing in referencing style. Introduction is 5% of the total word count. Do not write table of contents manually because it will eat up a lot of time. In some Western universities if you do not submit your assignments on time then there’s a penalty of $2500. Bullet points and subheadings are never used in essays. A five paragraph essay is always written in the following format: Intro, body 1, body 2, body 3, and finally the conclusion. In every 100 words, you have to give one reference.
February 10, 2020 at 11:49 am #6559Nidhi MadanParticipant@nidhi
Key takeaway from class held on 8th Feb, 2020
The trainer introduced the content for websites, business proposal and press release. These types of writing are action-oriented and assertive.
Academic writing was also covered in the class. Academic writing is a neutral type of writing, and it should always be written in 3rd person. This writing should be backed up with a lot of research to validate the points mentioned in the papers. Plagiarism must be avoided and if a sentence is copied, then in-text citation should be given properly. The trainer also introduced the concept of referencing style and ways to introduce it in an academic report. In academic writing, word count must also be ensured (it should be in the range of +-10%).
February 17, 2020 at 3:32 pm #6623
April 2, 2020 at 1:49 pm #6975
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