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Academic Writing

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    • #4886
      Saket Kumar SinghSaket Kumar Singh
      Keymaster
      @saket

      Write your main takeaways from the class “Academic Writing.” Don’t refer to or get influenced by what and how others have written. Rather, recall the concepts discussed in the class and write them in your words. Focus on key concepts or things you learned and how you will implement the same to transform your writing style.

       

      Don’t use bullet points. Write in paragraph form. Your content should have at least 150 words.

       

      All the best!

    • #4943
      Anju BahlAnju Bahl
      Participant
      @anju

      Key Takeaways From Class Dated 1st September 2019

      Academic Writing
      We use Academic Writing for various purposes,which are namely,University Assignments,Research Papers,Academic Essays,Review Articles and Thesis.
      How Academic Writing Is Different?
      It is written in third person and neutral tone.No emotional language,no informal vocabulary.Passive voice is widely used.Long sentences,long paragraphs are acceptable.It is written to gain acceptance from the professors.Structure is predefined.It follows a particular tone–descriptive,analytical,persuasive and critical.
      Dos And Don’ts
      Strictly adhere to the guidelines.Use a formal,objective and technical language.Word limit should not exceed +,-,10%(Title Page,TOC,Executive Summary/Abstract,Tables,References & Appendices don’t become part of the word count).Referencing Styles must be adopted as per the guidelines(References as well as In Text Citations).Include TOC,Executive Summary,Title Page,etc.for long form academic content.Support your claim,data,and statistics with appropriate references.Never use terms like I,we,you etc.
      Academic Writing Guidelines
      There are various tones used while following these guidelines.First comes the Abstract and then comes Introduction.Descriptive tone is used in Introduction.Then,a Literary Review is written which has a Critical tone followed by Methodology which is Descriptive.Result and Discussion are Authentic followed by the Conclusion that is Persuasive in nature.
      In the above guidelines,D is descriptive,C is critical,A is authentic,and P is persuasive.These are the tones.Abstract is in past tense,brief and informative.Abstract is a brief summary.Introduction is explanatory and descriptive.It should be Funnel shaped,broader at the top and narrowing down.Literature Review is critical,detailed,and authentic.Methodology is analytical,methodological approach adopted and the research instruments used.Primary or Secondary ways of research are adopted.Result is concise and non-textual.Discussion includes reasoning-why you got whatever you got.Conclusion is concise,clear summary and matches the objectives.
      Types Of Academic Writing
      Academic Writing is of many types which are–Dissertation,Research Paper,Report Writing,Essays,Case Study,Assignment and Literature Review respectively.
      Academic success depends on Research And Publication.
      References
      Mentioning and citing other researches and publishing.
      Types Of References
      There are mainly two types of referring styles.These are namely,Documentary Note Styles(Oxford,MHRA) and Parenthetical Styles(APA,Harward,IEEE)
      Quick Checklist
      Understand the project problem thoroughly and use neutral tone.Maintain the word count and include In Text Citations.Add minimum ten references and stick to the referencing style.Always follow the specified structure and format.Do not include redundant information.

    • #4959
      Ankita SinghAnkita Singh
      Participant
      @ankitasingh-11

      Take Aways from Academic Writing Class:
      Academic writing is anything to do with School, colleges, universities that includes Research Articles, thesis, dissertation, essay, case study. It is for information purpose and should be written in neutral tone. I, you, we shouldn’t be used and written as third person.It is to gain acceptance from the Professors. It should be formal, objective and technical. Passive voice is widely used and it should have pre defined structure.It follows a Particular tone such as descriptive, Analytical, Persuasive and Critical. Though Abstract comes first but it should be written in last as it is the summary of content and should be of 1 page.
      In academic writing guidelines should be followed and word limits should not exceed( +/- 5%). Authenticity is very important and Keywords should be included in SEO. Avoid mentioning Wikipedia as reference.Always Reference should be quoted.
      Recent data should be used and we can used data of past 3 years. Adhere to client’s guidelines and ask them if we have any doubt. All the content should be divided in percentage accordingly such as introduction should be of 10%, Literature Review 25% and so on. Mode of research should be mentioned. Analyse the data and find the pattern. Based on pattern give answers accordingly. Implications are optional and it should be included if mentioned in guidelines. APA reference should be used as in text citation as default. Go through the checklist at the end.

    • #5571
      Anil MehtaAnil Mehta
      Participant
      @anilmehta

      The key takeaway from Class 5 & 6, Batch #26

      Academic Writing

      Key Takeaways from Class 5 &6 held on October 12, & 13, 2019.

      The primary purpose of Academic writing is to score grades or win recognition in the academic field. This opens opportunities for the outsourcing of academic writing. The rules for academic writing, therefore, are more rigid and generally quite opposite to rules of business writing. Academic writing is meant to transmit knowledge from an expert to a learner. We use Academic writing style for University Assignments, Research papers, Academic Essays, Review Articles, and Thesis writing.

      Academic writing is strictly format based. Each type of academic writing has a different and well-defined format. It is written in 3rd person and neutral tone. Words like I, we, you etc are never used. Informal vocabulary and emotional language are not used. Passive voice is widely used. Long sentences and long paragraphs are acceptable. Referencing is very important in academic writing. Table of Contents becomes a must for the content of more than 10 pages. Up to 7% plagiarism is allowed in academic writing.

      Academic writing content broadly consists of Abstract, Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion.

      The abstract is a brief summary of the paper indicating the purpose of writing it. It includes results and conclusions as well. It should be written after all other sections have been written. It should not exceed 250 words. In-text citations are not included.

      An introduction gives the background of the research topic. It is Written in funnel form – gradually moving down from general to specific sub-topics. In-text citations are added when quoting previous research.

      Literature Review is a discussion of previous information available in that particular subject area. It can constitute up to 25% of the total written matter.

      The methodology outlines the process adopted to carry out the research. The analytical tools and instruments used are clearly mentioned.

      Results constitute acceptance, rejection of an existing hypothesis, or formulating a new hypothesis. Raw and unnecessary data is not included.

      The discussion section explains the results and describes their significance. It talks about the implications of the results in other subjects of research and the gap it fills in the existing literature. It also explains how the present study improves understanding of the readers in the subject area.

      The conclusion creates an everlasting impression of the research paper. It highlights the findings of the paper and introduces the future scope of research.

      Types of Academic Writing

      Dissertation, Research Paper, Report Writing, Essay, Case Study, Assignments, and Literature Review are some of the types of Academic writing. Of these, Dissertation, Research Paper and Literature Review are the main types of academic writing.

      A dissertation is a research project based on original research. The length of a dissertation is a minimum of 10,000 words. The format of a Dissertation was discussed.

      Research Paper is based on a systematic study and analysis of a problem. The main aim of a research paper is to define a particular issue, provide a critical analysis, give solutions or new insights. It can be used as a journal or conference paper.

      Report Writing is done to summarize the given set of information. The report writer’s job is to derive and present the available information into actionable form. A well-written report is easy to comprehend.

      In an Academic Essay, Bullet points and sub-headings are generally not used.

      A case study in academic writing is different from that in business writing. A case study in academic writing is a report on a question asked about a case study under consideration. It is an in-depth investigation of a problem in a real-life context. No outside references are given.
      Literature Review involves search, study and critical review of existing literature in the subject area. It results in the synthesis and presentation of the published information in an organized form. It also brings out the gaps in existing theories. It can have subtitles but no bullet points. For every 100 words, at least one reference citation is a must in an academic literature review.

      References in Academic writing. Citing references for already published literature or research work is an important part of academic writing. Different types of referencing norms, such as Documentary Note styles (Oxford, MHRA), Parenthetical Styles (APA, Harvard, MLA), and Numbered Styles (Vancouver, IEEE) were introduced and examples discussed in the class. http://www.citethisforme and Harvard Referencing Generator enable automatic referencing in a specific style. Bibliography mentions 1-2 sentences about each reference cited, below it.

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