The decision on what to do after class 12 is a crucial and life-altering one. The first stepping stone in this direction is when you choose a stream to specialize in after Class 10.However, your career goals and aspiration may change dramatically in this span of two year. Besides, there is the reality of cut-throat competition. You may have, like many of your peers, prepared for cracking the IIT-JEE or the PMT but the odd can be almost insurmountable and it is advisable to have a backup place. Here a few career choices to look out for after Class 12:
Under-Graduate and Post-Graduate Courses
The most obvious choice for most students is to pursue an under-graduate or post-graduate course in order to improve their prospects of employability and aim for a more successful career. The choice of these courses depends largely on the stream you have chosen after Class 10th.
Students with non-medical or PCM background can aim for engineering, technology, and architecture. Similarly, students with a medical background can explore avenues such as MBBS, BDS, Veterinary Science, BAMS, physiotherapy, medical research, nursing, forensic sciences and medical lab technicians. In addition to this, Science students can also explore courses such as B.Sc, B.Sc (Hons), pharmacy, biotechnology, dairy technology, and biophysics. The expectant starting salary in these fields ranges from 2.5-3.5 lakh after non-medical oriented courses, 3-7 lakh in the medical field and 2.5-4.5 lakh after generic science-related courses.
Students with a commerce background can aim for Chartered Accountancy, Company Secretary, Economics Hons, BBA/MBA, BCom, BCom (Hons). The starting salaries after these courses range from 2.5 lakh after a plain BCom to 5.5 lakh for CA and CS professionals.
Similarly, students with an arts and humanities background can look out for courses such as BA, BA (Hons), BA LLB, Fashion Designing, Journalism and Mass Communication, BBA, Hotel Management, Tourism and Aviation Management. The starting salary packages range from 2 lakh and go up to 3.5 lakh.
If you want to change your stream after Class 12, students with a science and commerce background can also explore options available to students of humanities. Most of these conventional under-graduate and post-graduate courses, except for the ones with a science background, can be pursued through distance learning, if you wish to take up a job soon after Class 12.
Gone are the days when these mainstream courses were the only avenues for gaining expert training and improving your skills for better employability. Today, there are a whole host of vocational courses available that help you get on your feet after a considerably concise training period.
- Designing: If you have a creative bent of mind, designing has a lot of scope for professional growth. From costume to shoes and jewelry designing, there are several sub-categories that you can choose from depending on your own interests and inclinations. If you want to go the designing way, NID and NIFT, both of which offer degree, diploma and certificates courses, are the institutes to watch out for. The starting salary is anywhere between Rs 10,000-15,000 but goes up to Rs 35,000-40,000 (http://www.naukrihub.com/salary-in-india/fashion-designer.html) as you gain experience over a span of 3-4 years. You can also aim to set up your own design studio or boutique at a later stage.
- Graphic Designing: With a current boom in the web and animation industry, there is massive scope for career growth in the field of graphic designing. You can start working as a graphic designer after a basic diploma course from a reputed multimedia institute or even with a bachelor’s degree in computer science, science of visual communication or fine arts. The starting salary is pegged at around Rs 60,000 per month and you can hope for a jump to a salary bracket of Rs 88,000-3,57,000 within a span of 2-4 years. (http://www.naukrihub.com/salary-in-india/graphic-designer.html)
- Performing Arts: If acting and theatrics is what you have your heart set on, performing arts is the way to go. There are several acting schools and institutes springing up across the country, some being run by ace filmmakers and actors like Subhash Ghai and Anupam Kher, which present a good platform for budding actors. In addition to this, the National School of Drama and Film and Television Institute of India, both of which have given the country some if its finest artists, are excellent avenues for honing your skills. The starting pay package can range from Rs 5,000-10,000 and go up to a few lakhs, depends on how big you make it.
- Journalism and Media: Almost all leading newspapers and media houses in the country today run their own journalism institutes such the TV Today Institute and Times School of Journalism, where you can hope to find employment after a short one-year training. Journalism interns are paid anywhere between Rs 15,000-20,000 a month and the salary can go up to Rs 50,000 in a matter of 2-3 years.
- Armed Forces: You can also make a lucrative career in the Army, Air Force and Navy by joining the National Defence Academy, Pune, after Class 12. There is an entrance test for NDA after class 12, followed by a five-day selection procedure at SSB (Service Selection Board). (http://joinindianarmy.nic.in/alpha/types-of-commission.htm) The starting salary is around Rs 40,000 plus perks and benefits, and is subjected to revision and increments as per govt policy.
Jobs after Class 12
If you are looking for a start working soon after Class 12, here can work as: are a few job options you can explore:
- A technician after a brief training at your local ITI (Industrial Training Institute)
- Lab attendant
There is no dearth of employment and career avenues, all you need is to zero-in on one that suits your aptitude and capabilities.